个人陈述

什么是个人陈述?

A personal statement (statement of purpose) is a critical component of the graduate school application that allows you to introduce who you are and why you want to attend graduate school. This essay provides you with a unique opportunity to sell yourself to an admissions committee through clear, 简洁而有说服力的写作.

开始

仔细思考你想说什么. Ask yourself some questions to get things started (many of which you considered in 决定去读研究生).

  • 我为什么想读研究生?
  • 这个雄心起源于哪里/什么时候? What/who were the greatest influencers in my decision to pursue this goal?
  • What do I want to be able to do at the end of this program that I can’t do with a BA/BS?
  • 我在这个领域有什么经验?
  • What have I done as an undergraduate student to prepare myself for this graduate program?
  • How will I contribute to the collective experience of the admitted class? How am I different from every other student who will apply for this program?
  • 为什么这个项目适合我?
  • What do I know about this particular school, their programs and their faculty?

当你写

  • 是简洁! 让每个字都有价值. Don’t force your reader to sift through the fluff to get to the substance.
  • 不要告诉委员会他们已经知道的事情. 他们已经了解了自己的课程和领域. What they don’t know about is you and how you will fit with this program.
  • 用开头、中间和结尾来讲述一个故事.
  • 保持你的内容与受众的相关性和适切性. This is not the time or place to talk about your personal problems as a motivation for going to graduate school.
  • 你的语言表达了你在学术和情感上的成熟吗? This is particularly important if you are applying to a PhD program or to one in which the students tend to be older upon admission.
  • Does your essay indicate a realistic understanding of the career field for which you’re headed?
  • 你有证据证明你知道他们的计划吗, and that you’re familiar with their faculty and their areas of expertise?

委员会将在你的声明中寻找什么

  • 优秀的写作是必要的! 在你提交文章之前,让多人校对你的文章.
  • 一个强有力的陈述不仅仅是好的写作风格. 内容同样重要. Your essay must pull the reader in early and hold them until the end. 讲述你的故事时要充满信心和信念.
  • 你回答问题了吗?? Losing sight of the original question is a pet peeve of many admissions committees.
  • 你的语言表达了你在学术和情感上的成熟吗? This is particularly important if you are applying to a PhD program or to one in which the students tend to be older upon admission.
  • Does your essay indicate a realistic understanding of the career field for which you’re headed?
    你有证据证明你知道他们的计划吗, and that you’re familiar with their faculty and their areas of expertise?
  • If there is an obvious shortcoming to your application materials (low GRE scores, 一个学期的学习成绩很差, 等.), the personal statement can serve as an opportunity for you to explain these irregularities.  如果你愿意的话, it is very important you make clear that 1) the “problem” was one that had a finite duration of time, 2) you have recovered from it (if this is appropriate) and 3) it will not impede your performance in graduate school.  用一段篇幅来写这个就足够了. 解释,但不要找借口,然后继续前进.

在你提交

  • Have your statement read by at least three different people: someone who knows you personally, 一个在学术上了解你的人, and someone who may be getting to know you through the application process. 这些人可能是亲密的朋友, your academic advisor and someone in the 学生专业发展中心 (your graduate school advisor). 这将允许来自三个不同角度的反馈.
  • Make sure you have not exceeded any word/space/character limits set by your school. Don’t give them a reason to not read your essay before it’s even in their hands. 按照信中所有的提交指示.

简历(CVs)

简历和. 简历:有什么区别吗?

  • CVs are primarily used when seeking academic, 研究, medical and education positions. The reader is more interested in you as a member of, and a contributor to, an academic community. 简历 focus on experiences that would allow you to best contribute within a work setting.
  • CVs can be longer than one page, but elaboration should be strategic. 简历, 同时在设计上也具有战略性, 不超过1页(适用于大学生和应届毕业生).
  • 简历通常包括出版物等类别, 研究, 和演示, while these areas (on resumes) are generally less important to employers.
  • 简历总是从教育背景开始. 只要你是一名学生,简历的教育背景就很重要. 一旦你有了专业的工作经验,你就会以此为主导.

写简历的基本技巧:

  • Do not use a template, and keep format simple, organized, consistent and clear.
  • A CV (as well as a resume) is an implied first-person document; no personal pronouns.
  • The most important information should always be on the first page, and preferably at the top.
  • Include name of principal investigator or advisor under 研究 experience.
  • 避免使用不必要的词语,比如“包括职责”.”
  • Use phrases, not sentences, to describe your skills and experiences; start phrases with action verbs.
  • If longer than one page, include name and page number on each page after the first.
  • Do not include personal information, such as marital status, gender or social security number.
  • 引用列表是一个单独的文档. 不要把这些写进你的简历或简历中.

Potential Sections of a CV (only relevant sections should be included):

  • Education –  list all degrees awarded, include study abroad institutions
  • 研究经历-时间倒序
  • 研究兴趣——列出来
  • Teaching Experience – reverse chronological order (having been a TA is teaching experience and can be very helpful when applying for an assistantship!)
  • 实习 –  show relevance to your field of study if it’s not obvious
  • Work Experience – emphasize related experiences and skills gained while working
  • Professional Societies – be sure to include leadership and specifics about involvement
  • 荣誉、奖项——包括他们获得的年份
  • 技能——包括计算机技能, 语言技能, lab skills or other tangible skills appropriate to the position or field
  • Professional Presentations – reverse chronological order or group by topical/functional headings
  • Publications – reverse chronological order in format appropriate for the field. 用粗体的名字来强调
  • Volunteer or service work that ties to your career goals – sustained involvement and commitment should be noted; include dates