国际教师和工作人员是银河游戏app社区不可或缺的一部分，访问学者和教师在学术机构的生活中至关重要. 你们分享的经验和知识的多样性继续帮助伊隆成为全球学术界的积极成员. 下面的信息将帮助你度过在不同国家生活的过程，并作为你可能有任何问题的指南.
General Immigration Information
Elon University can assist departments in bringing over visiting international scholars or researchers to campus. 用人部门应注意，某一类签证可能比另一类签证更适合某一特定旅客.
美国国会最近(1998年11月)通过了一项立法，允许向“B”级或访问者身份的访问学者支付费用和酬金, 但这种安排是针对单一活动或短系列活动(大师班/讲座/演示)，期限为9天，并支付酬金和费用, not salary.
At the time of this writing, the USCIS has not published regulations to put these new honorarium rules into effect. Until we have those regulations, 希望为银河游戏app大学引进访问学者并向该学者支付酬金的院系应该使用J类. Check with the payroll office to see what their policy is during this interim period.
请注意来自许多欧洲国家的游客, as well as Japan, can enter the United States with no visa at all. These entries are “visitor” entries and CURRENTLY preclude payment of honoraria. Consult the Payroll Office for more information.
Be aware that Elon University assumes a major responsibility when sponsoring an international scholar. faculty, or staff member. We must be certain that our sponsorship is extended for purposes which are consistent not only with the University’s goals, programs and immigration laws, 也符合国务院交流项目的目标和意图. 这种责任在于邀请外国学者并请求大学资助的院系和个别教员.
Elon University, 像许多其他美国高等教育机构一样，它打算从合格的非移民中招募最优秀和最聪明的人，以满足其艺术和科学的各种学术项目和杰出的专业项目的需要. To that end, Elon University, which “adheres to and believes in equal opportunity for all applicants without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national or ethnic origin, veteran status, 残疾或其他受法律保护的特征, is eager to petition on behalf of any qualified foreign national faculty or staff for work authorization. 以下是银河游戏app大学多年来合法雇用国际教师或工作人员所依赖的签证类别摘要:
|VISA CATEGORY||EMPLOYMENT ELIGIBILITY|
~ See the staff at GEC for more information.
|H-1B||This is a temporary work visa for specialty occupation worker rendering services ONLY to a specific employer. Honorariums not permitted. 不允许补偿与就业无关的其他服务. Nonimmigrant status. Appropriate for temporary long- term employment (up to 6 years), or possibly permanent appointments.|
|这种签证类别是由RO(主管官员)指定的雇主特定的，用于身份附带的允许活动或培训. Nonimmigrant status. 适合临时工作(最多5年). ~ See the staff at GEC for more information.|
|O||这种签证的目的是为一小群人在国际上或国内承认他们在科学方面的非凡能力, art, education, in business, motion pictures, athletics, and television.|
|TN||This temporary work visa was created ONLY for citizens of Canada and Mexico as NAFTA professionals to work in the United States.|
|B-1/B-2 and WB/WT||This category is intended for visitors.|
Of course, based on each situation, there are other visa categories that can be explored to meet the need of a given department.
We strongly encourage the departments, 学校和督导人员向伊莎贝拉·坎农全球教育中心咨询，以找到满足他们需求的方法和方法.
Below are further details on the above visa categories of temporary work visas:
本网页所提供的资料不包括外国人士在申请美国签证时在美国领事馆/大使馆所收取的签证签发费用. Non-immigrants seeking entry into the United States of America should visit the Department of State’s website at www.travel.state.gov 获取签证签发程序的最新清单.
The term “visa” refers to the visa stamp in your passport, not your I-20 or DS-2019 form. All non-immigrants (except Canadians) entering the US in F or J status are required to obtain the appropriate entry visa.
When you enter or re-enter the US, the visa stamp in your passport must reflect your current visa status (F or J) and must be unexpired. Also, if the visa has a limited number of entries, it must have a remaining valid entry available on the intended date of reentry to the US
If there are entries left on the visa, 在签证到期之前，该签证对再次入境仍然有效. However, students and scholars should consider the chance of unexpected need for a later re-entry, for example, due to weather delay.
If the visa stamp in your passport has expired and/or does not have a remaining valid entry available, 您的签证不可能自动重新确认, 你必须申请并获得新的签证才能重新进入美国
Automatic Revalidation of Visa
For non-immigrants with expired visas, 前往加拿大或墨西哥可能不需要新的签证申请. 这种优惠被称为“签证自动重新确认”.” Currently, 自动重新确认签证福利允许某些签证过期的非移民在“毗连领土”停留30天或更短时间后重新进入美国.”
Contiguous territory is considered Canada, Mexico, or adjacent islands including Saint Pierre, Miquelon, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Bermuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, the Windward and Leeward Islands, Trinidad, Martinique, and other British, French, 以及位于加勒比海或与加勒比海接壤的荷兰领土或属地.
Citizens of Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, Sudan, North Korea, 和古巴没有资格获得自动重新确认的好处，从毗邻领土重新入境将需要持有有效签证.
任何在“毗连领土”旅行时申请新美国签证的非移民都没有资格获得自动重新确认福利. 因此，如果你在加拿大申请签证被拒绝, you are not allowed to re-enter the US under the automatic revalidation benefit.
To re-enter the US under the benefit of automatic revalidation of visa, you must:
- Only travel to Canada/Mexico/adjacent islands for less than 30 days and not travel elsewhere
- Maintain and intend to resume your nonimmigrant status within the authorized period of admission
- Carry your Form I-94, your currently valid I-20 or DS-2019, and valid passport with expired visa
- Not apply for a new visa during this trip.
- Not be from a country that is currently designated by US as a State Sponsor of Terrorism
- For more information, refer to US Department of State Public Notice: Change in Automatic Revalidation of Visa Benefit.
Applying For a New Visa
If you need to obtain a new visa to re-enter the US, 你应该做好可能漫长的等待和复杂的签证申请程序的准备，有时需要在美国驻外领事馆亲自面试. Depending on your particular circumstances, you may decide not to travel and avoid the risk of a visa delay or a visa denial.
Students and scholars are recommended to apply for visas at the local US Consulate with jurisdiction over the home residence. Although it is possible for students and scholars to apply for visas at US Consulates in Canada, Mexico, and other countries worldwide, the risk of denial may be higher in these cases.
If a visa denial is received when a student/scholar applies in another country, the applicant is required to return directly to the home country to reapply at the local US Consulate. If denial or visa delay occurs, the applicant may not return to the US before receiving a new visa.
The most common reason for visa denial is “failure to demonstrate ties to the home country.欲了解更多信息，请参阅“非移民意向”部分.
Resources and Tips
- 在你旅行之前，阅读一下你计划申请新签证的领事馆的程序和惯例是一个好主意. See this US Department of State listing of Links to US Embassies and Consulates Worldwide.
- Check the estimated US visa wait time to get a visa appointment and the estimated US visa processing time 签证:在特定的领事馆或大使馆领取签证. 请记住，这个时间段不包括安全检查.
- Refer to 在申请非移民签证时要记住的10点 (来自NAFSA，银河游戏官方下载网工作者协会).
所有年龄在16到45岁之间的男性非移民签证申请人——以及其他由领事官员酌情决定的人——还必须填写并提交一份 DS-157 (Supplemental Nonimmigrant Visa Application)
所有申请F或J签证的人都需要证明他们在完成学业后返回原籍国的意愿. The burden is on the visa applicant to prove ties to the home country and establish “non-immigrant intent”. There are several ways you can be prepared to support your intent to return home in your visa interview:
- Have a few sentences in mind that express how you intend to use your degree or research at home after your finish your program.
- Bring copies of deeds to any property (land, house, 你或你的家人在你的祖国拥有的公寓)..
- Bring bank statements of any accounts that you or your family maintain in your home country
- 如果你的雇主打算在你回国后雇用你, bring a letter from that employer.
During any visa application to the US, you may be subject to additional security and background clearances due to your citizenship or ties to specific countries, your field of study, or other reasons which are not publicly known. 签证签发的延迟可能会导致领事官员就你的背景向联邦机构寻求强制性安全咨询意见. 审批可能需要几周到几个月的时间，基于美国国家安全的理由，不可能规避这一过程.
Citizens of certain countries may be subject to increased scrutiny and security clearances. Although the US Dept. of State has declined to release the list of countries on national security grounds, it is thought to include Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Nationals or citizens of Cuba and North Korea are being subjected to increased scrutiny as well.
In addition, the US Department of State may be required to conduct a security clearance if you work in high technology, engineering, or the sciences. You should be prepared to be questioned closely about the details of your research. It may be helpful, if you are working in such fields, to have your department advisor or supervisor write a letter briefly detailing in laymen’s terms, the nature of your work/research and, if applicable, noting that the technology is not for military use. This letter will not deter a security clearance, but it may expedite the clearance.
美国国务院需要安全审查的敏感技术领域清单(称为“技术警报清单”)不再公开. 你可以通过使用 Technology Alert List version from 2002. Use this as a guideline only.
You can also reference this outdated, but possibly relevant information published by the US Department of State regarding security check procedures.
International students, exchange students, scholars, and international faculty are governed by regulations of the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), 国土安全部(DHS)的一个分支. For purposes of immigration law, your passport must be valid for 6 months beyond the period of your approved stay in the US. 检查你的护照有效期，如果你需要，尽快申请延期，以保持你的合法身份. Use the 外国驻美国使领馆名录 if you need to locate your embassy/consulate to renew your passport or request any other service.
See the staff at GEC for more information.
The H-1B status has been commonly used by American universities in hiring foreign professors, researchers, and non-teaching staff members. 它的优点包括最长可逗留6年, its lack of a prohibition on application for permanent residence in the United States, and its short processing time relative to processing of an application for permanent resident status.
According to federal regulations, 持有H-1B签证的人将从事专业职业，该职业需要高度专业知识的理论和实践应用，并获得学士学位或更高学位(或同等学历)。, 作为在美国进入该职业的最低要求. Applications to the U.S. 美国公民和移民服务局(USCIS)的H-1B签证必须附有由美国认证的劳动条件申请.S. Department of Labor (DOL). 除了320美元的常规申请费外，首次申请H-1B签证必须支付500美元的“反欺诈”费. Both fees are to be paid by the employing department, not by the employee in any form.
持有H-1B身份的人可能被允许在美国停留最长6年的时间，之后他们将被要求离开美国至少一年，然后再以H-1B身份返回美国. The initial H-1B period can be applied for up to 3 years with the possibility of extension for a total period of 6 years. Universities are not subject to the annual cap on the number of available H-1B visas. 如果H-1B工人在H-1B状态结束前被终止，根据DOL规定，申请人(雇主)需要支付返回的交通费. Applicants for permanent residence may be eligible under certain circumstances for more than six years in H-1B status.
除非要求额外处理和额外1美元的费用，H-1B身份的申请应该至少需要4个月或更长时间,000 is paid. 如果未来雇员在美国境外, 申请H-1B签证需要额外的时间.S. consulate.
Applications for H-1B status at Elon University are solely initiated by a Dean, 大学用人单位的主席或主管. 请联系伊莎贝拉·坎农全球教育中心的国际学生和教师学者服务主任.
If your spouse or child (residing inside the United States) is applying as a dependent family member, you must also provide the following:
- Form I-539 completed and signed by spouse (or eldest child, if spouse is not applying). This form may be found at www.uscis.gov.
- Supporting documents required for dependents include copies of passport biographical pages, I-94 cards, proof of relationship (i.e.，结婚/出生证明书)及所有过往身分证明文件副本.
J-1 Status: Exchange Visitor
这种签证类别是由RO(主管官员)指定的雇主特定的，用于身份附带的允许活动或培训. Nonimmigrant status. 适合临时工作(最多5年).
See the staff at GEC for more information.
O-1 Status: Persons of Extraordinary Ability
这种签证的目的是为一小群人在国际上或国内承认他们在科学方面的非凡能力, art, education, in business, motion pictures, athletics and television.
O-1非移民身份只适用于极少数在自己的努力领域达到顶峰的人. This includes those who have achieved and sustained national or international acclaim for extraordinary ability in the sciences, 艺术和教育，以及可能来大学做研究的人, professors or artists. Others in business, athletics, motion pictures and television may also be eligible.
The first way to demonstrate “international acclaim” is to receive a Nobel Prize or other major, internationally recognized award of equal stature. Alternatively, evidence can be presented that an individual meets at least three of eight criteria.
These criteria include:
- National or international awards in the field
- Published materials in professional journals or major media concerning the individual’s work in the field
- Membership in associations requiring recognition of outstanding work in the field
- Evidence of original scientific contribution of major significance in the field
O-1申请是一个高优先级的申请，旨在提供一个快速和简单的方式，将一个领域的领先人物带到美国. The main problem is in gathering the quality and quantity of documentation required to support the application. Because of the high standard of evidence of eligibility, the O-1 status is used infrequently.
O-1 status can be granted initially for up to three years with yearly extensions thereafter. There is no maximum period specified.
TN Status: NAFTA
This temporary work visa was created ONLY for citizens of Canada and Mexico as NAFTA professionals to work in the United States.
这种类型的就业授权是加拿大和墨西哥公民作为北美自由贸易协定专业人员在美国工作的一种临时就业. Permanent residents, including Canadian permanent residents, are not able to apply to work as NAFTA professionals. 这一类别是由美国公民权规定的 & Immigration Service (USCIS).
- Proof of Canadian or Mexican citizenship, (加拿大登陆移民不符合加拿大TN身份);
- 雇主出具的一封信，详细说明在美国履行的具体职责，表明此人的活动将属于TN身份所列领域之一. 拥有至少学士学位的大学教师是被列出的群体之一(如果该职位有最低学位要求的话, it should be stated in the letter, e.g., “this position requires a Ph.D. degree in Music Performance”);
- Evidence of the professional credential (the original diploma or a certified copy);
- 雇主信中关于进入美国的目的是临时的声明(这是移民意义上的“临时”，因为TN身份是非移民, not a permanent status, and therefore, that the employment is for a period of time consistent with the individual’s immigration status; if the position is a teaching position which normally extends to a specific date with the possibility of extension, it should be stated as such. For example, 现招聘助理教授一职，任期为九月一日, 1999 to August 31, 2000. The period may be extended by mutual agreement.”
- A filing fee of U.S. $50
Canadian Entry Requirements:
The documentation is presented to a U.S.-Canadian preflight inspection facility or a U.S.-Canadian port-of-entry inspection facility. No TN visa (stamp) required.
Mexican Entry Requirements:
The documentation including a submitted Nonimmigrant Visa Application is presented to a U.S. consulate to apply for the required TN visa.
Upon Entry into the US:
U.S. 移民局将签发I-94表格，上面标有“TN”身份，并多次返回，并根据雇主提供的雇佣结束日期填写身份结束日期. TN’s are eligible to extend TN status on a yearly basis an unlimited number of times; however, the intent of a TN under immigration law must continue to be to stay in the U.S. 在美国停留一段时间，然后离开美国.S. 目前法律只允许拥有H-1B身份的非移民拥有双重目的:永久目的和临时目的. Additional information is available at travel.state.gov.
B-1/B-2 and WB/WT Status: Visitor Visas
Visitor Visa Statuses: B-1/B-2 and WB/WT Statuses
B-1 Visa Status:
B-1类用于希望进入美国从事与其在国外就业或业务有关的临时业务或专业活动的人员. 这种签证的主要目的是商务目的. To be eligible for the B-1 visa, 银河游戏app大学必须提供证明此次旅行目的的证据, intent to depart the United States, 同时也安排好了旅行的所有费用.
B-2 Visa Status: (Tourist/Visitor)
The B-2 classification is used for visitors who wish to come to the United States temporarily for pleasure. B-2 and WT visitors are NOT permitted to engage in employment of any kind while in the U.S., nor are they permitted to receive any other type of payments or reimbursements other than academia honoraria under INA §212 (q).
If a person is from one of the countries that participate in the Visa Waiver Program, then a B-1or B-2 visa is NOT needed, instead they may enter the United States in “visa waiver” status for 90 days or less. WB(豁免业务)是一种用于商业目的的豁免签证. 为旅游目的而豁免的游客.
B-1/B-2 and WB/WT:
As a general rule, the B-1/B-2/WB/WT category is NOT intended for employment in the United States. Visitors in this status are not permitted to engage in any kind of employment while in the U.S. However, certain reimbursement and honorarium are permitted IF they occur because of a legitimate B-1/B-2 or WB/WT activity.
The Department of State website provides information on the current countries that participate in the US Visa Waiver (WB/WT) program. 本网站是查找VWP名单更新和新增内容的最佳场所.
注:布什总统最近宣布捷克共和国, Estonia, Hungary, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, 斯洛伐克也将很快被允许加入免签证计划. However, 在这些国家被纳入免免国之前，美国仍必须完成法律要求的某些内部步骤. 目前，上述国家的公民仍然需要美国护照.S. Visa for travel to the United States.
Canadian Visitors & Permanent Residents of Canada:
Citizens of Canada 到美国临时出差或游玩/度假 do not require a visa. 他们以类似WB/WT的状态进入美国. 加拿大的永久居民(又名登陆移民)必须持有非移民签证，除非永久居民是参加免签证计划(VWP)国家的国民。, meets the VWP requirements, and is seeking to enter the U.S. for 90 days or less under that program.
Mexican Visitors & Permanent Residents of Mexico:
Citizens and permanent residents of Mexico, 到美国临时出差或游玩/度假, generally must have a nonimmigrant visa or Border Crossing Card (also known as a “Laser Visa”). The Border Crossing Card, Form DSP-150 is a biometric, machine readable card that is a combined visitor B1-B2 visa/Border Crossing Card. Select Border Crossing Card.
Citizens of Bermuda:
英属百慕大海外领地的公民因临时商务或娱乐/度假前往美国的时间不超过180天, do not require a visa.
Special Notes for those on B-1/WB Status:
B-1/WB身份的访问者可以获得与B-1/WB活动有关的旅费和杂费或每日津贴的报销. Note that the total amount of such payments cannot exceed what is “reasonable” as a business expense.
接受酬金的来访者只能从事学术活动 nine or fewer business days，而且访客不得收到超过 five academic institutions in the past six months. 这个要求通常被称为“9-6-5规则”.”